Pagodas in Japan are called tō, (tower) and sometimes buttō or tōba and historically derive from the Chinese pagoda which is in itself an interpretation of the Indian stupa. Like the stupa, pagodas were originally used as reliquaries but in many cases ended up losing this function. Pagodas are quintessentially Buddhist and an important component of Japanese Buddhist temple compounds. Of the Japanese pagoda's many forms, some are built in wood, but most are carved out of stone (known as sekitō stone pagoda). Stone pagodas are usually small and as a rule offer no usable space. If they have multiple stories, such as this rare granite eleven storied example, they are called tasōtō or tajūtō. This 100 inch tall example has a twenty four inch square base and dates from the mid Edo period (circa 1700 - 1800's). It's in perfect antique condition with no damage.